The number of domestic workers in India range from official estimates of 4.2 million to unofficial estimates of more than 50 million.
Girls and women make up the significant majority of domestic workers. Between 2000 and 2010, women accounted for seventy-five % of the increase in the total number of domestic workers in India.
In 2009-2010 more than two-thirds of all domestic workers in India were employed in urban areas.
The majority of domestic workers in India are illiterate/ minimally educated and low-skilled. They are also one of the poorest and most exploited groups of workers in the country.
Domestic workers in India are forced to be dependent on their employers because they have no legal protection as workers under India’s labor laws,and no bargaining power due to their situations of poverty, illiteracy and low-skills.
An estimated 185,595 children are employed as domestic help and in dhabas (small roadside eateries)