Until very recently, domestic workers in India have been excluded from the purview of legislations to protect their rights. This neglect is all the more distressing as organized labour and many sectors of unorganized labour have the benefit of various laws, which are justiciable in courts of law. The few piecemeal attempts at inclusion of domestic workers in Central Acts has been largely due to the concerted efforts of NDWM and like- minded organisations to highlight the plight of domestic workers. These include:
In 2011, ILO adopted Convention 189 declaring Domestic work as decent work which should enjoy fair terms of employment as well as decent working conditions. Although India voted in favour of the convention, they are yet to ratify it. Ratification requires passing of comprehensive legislation for domestic workers which is still to be taken up by the Central Government. Hence our current advocacy and lobbying efforts as well as our campaigns remain focused on 5 main demands:
During 2020, the Advocacy teams met 42 MPs, 21 MLAs, 53 members of the Labour Ministry and 37 other Government officials.
Several Public Interest legislations have been filed by the National Domestic Workers’ Movement: